Diocletian's Palace is an ancient palace located in the city of Split, Croatia. It was built by the Roman Emperor Diocletian in the late 3rd and early 4th centuries AD as his retirement residence. The palace is considered one of the best-preserved Roman buildings in the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The palace is a group of buildings on an area of about 30,000 square meters. It has living quarters, temples, a mausoleum, and a large central courtyard.It was constructed using high-quality limestone from the nearby island of Bra, and the walls are up to 2 metres thick.
After Diocletian died, the palace was used by different rulers and went through many changes and improvements over the years.Today, the palace is a popular place for tourists to visit and a cultural center. It is home to museums, art galleries, restaurants, shops, and more.It is also a place where concerts, plays, and other cultural events take place.
People can look around the palace's different buildings and courtyards, such as the Peristyle, which was the palace's main square, and the Cathedral of Saint Domnius, which used to be Diocletian's tomb.The palace is a great example of Roman architecture, and it tells us a lot about how Romans used to live.
The southern part of the palace was in this scheme for the emperor, his apartment, and the appropriate state and religious ceremonies, while the north was for the Imperial Guard—army, service, storage, and the like. The palace is a rectangular building with four large towers on the corners, doors on each of the four sides (golden, silver, iron, and bronze), and four smaller towers on the walls. The lower part of the wall is without any openings, while the upper floor was divided by a monumental porch in the south and corridors with large arch windows on the other three sides.
The inhabitants of the palace and then the citizens of Split adapted these spaces for their own needs over the centuries, so the buildings in the interior and exterior walls with the towers greatly changed their original appearance, but the contours of the Imperial Palace are still very visible.
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